4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

AI, Big Data and Automation

Areas of computer science such as, artificial intelligence and machine learning, are changing the ways large sets of data are processed, enabling new, powerful insights that unlock numerous opportunities in many fields.

 

To a large extent, this development contributes to the increasing automation of a range of manual labor jobs as well as some jobs, conventionally considered safe from automation, thus raising the ethical concerns of these technical developments.

 

In this branch we seek to highlight the latest developments of the technology and its application, while also touching upon the ethical risks associated with it.  

Cybersecurity and Privacy

Mobile devices and computers are being used at an ever increasing rate, which on one hand may be empowering while on the other hand a significant risk when it comes to security and privacy.

 

We, both as individuals and as organisations, store large amounts of confidential and personal data on these devices, making the security of the devices critical. At the same time, these devices continue to track and store increasing amounts of data of individuals, which companies may exploit to a degree which is highly debatable.

 

In this branch we seek to describe from a technological standpoint how these areas might change in the future (eg. with new tech such as blockchain and quantum computing) and how we can strike a balance between technical capability, corporate benefits and personal rights from both a legal and ethical standpoint.

Emerging Technologies and their Regulation

Technologies of the 4th Industrial Revolution, such as AI, Robotics and IoT, are powering forwards and as it continues to do so it remains a challenge for both corporates as well as legislating bodies to keep track of the rapid changes and the potential long terms risks and rewards of these technologies.

 

In this branch we seek to build upon the other branches of this theme, while adding a few additional technological examples of emerging technologies, and then discussing how legislative bodies and governments balance risk mitigation with the potential rewards in the regulation of the technologies (regulation can both empower and hinder new tech).

Circular Economy and Smart Cities

Resources on our planet are finite, and with the realisation that urbanisation and population continues to increase, we must adapt and find new ways of living and supplying ourselves in the future.

 

By building smarter cities and integrating cyclical use of resources throughout society, both from the individual to the large scale organisation, we can future proof our societies.

 

This branch delves into the technologies that are key to realising or enabling smart cities and circular economies of certain resources, while also highlighting the monetary benefits of sustainable business and the political conversation that needs to happen to implement these technologies.